Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers
Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers held about 929,800 jobs in 2014. About 7 in 10 were self-employed. The rest were wage and salary workers.
Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers typically work outdoors and may spend some time in offices. They sometimes do strenuous physical work.
Some farmers work primarily with crops and vegetables. Other farmers and ranchers handle livestock.
Injuries and Illnesses
The work environment for farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers can be hazardous. Tractors, tools, and other farm machinery can cause serious injury, so workers must be alert on the job. They must operate equipment and handle chemicals properly to avoid accidents and safeguard the surrounding environment.
Most farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers work full time. Farm work can be seasonal and the number of hours worked may change according to the season. Farmers and farm managers on crop farms usually work from sunrise to sunset during the planting and harvesting seasons. During the rest of the year, they plan the next season's crops, market their output, and repair and maintain machinery. About one-third worked more than 40 hours per week in 2014.
On livestock-producing farms and ranches, work goes on throughout the year. Animals must be fed and cared for every day.
On very large farms, farmers and farm managers spend time meeting with farm supervisors. Managers who oversee several farms may divide their time between traveling to meet farmers and landowners and staying in their offices to plan farm operations.