Solar photovoltaic installers held about 5,900 jobs in 2014. The industries that employed the most solar photovoltaic installers were as follows:
Plumbing, heating, and air-conditioning contractors
Electrical contractors and other wiring installation contractors
Power and communication line and related structures construction
Because photovoltaic (PV) panels convert sunlight into electricity, most PV installation is done outdoors. Residential installers work on rooftops and in attics and crawl spaces to connect panels to the electric grid. PV installers who build solar farms work at ground level and need to build structures to hold the PV panel framework.
PV installers may work alone or as part of a team. Installation of a solar array may require the help of roofers and electricians as well as solar photovoltaic installers.
PV installers must travel to job sites. Residential installers are likely to work at a different location every day.
Injuries and Illnesses
Solar photovoltaic installers risk falls from ladders and roofs, electrical shocks, and burns from hot equipment and materials while installing and maintaining PV systems. Those working on roofs must use required fall protection equipment.
Nearly all solar photovoltaic installers work full time, which may include evening and weekend hours. They may be on call to handle emergencies, meaning they are not formally on duty but are available to work if necessary.