Psychologists held about 173,900 jobs in 2014. The industries that employed the most psychologists were as follows:
Elementary and secondary schools; state, local, and private
Offices of mental health practitioners (except physicians)
Hospitals; state, local, and private
Individual and family services
Nearly 1 in 3 psychologists were self-employed in 2014.
Some psychologists work alone, doing independent research, consulting with clients, or counseling patients. Others work as part of a healthcare team, collaborating with physicians, social workers, and others to treat illness and promote overall wellness.
Many clinical and counseling psychologists work in private practice. Others work in outpatient clinics, hospitals, rehabilitation facilities, and community and mental health centers.
Industrial-organizational psychologists work in business settings or human resources offices. They may also work in federal or state agencies, consulting firms, or private research organizations.
Most research psychologists work in colleges and universities, government agencies, or private research organizations.
Most school psychologists work in public schools, ranging from elementary school through college. They also work in private schools, universities, hospitals, clinics, community treatment centers, and independent practice.
Psychologists in private practice often set their own hours, and many work part time as independent consultants. They may work evenings or weekends to accommodate clients. Those employed in hospitals or other healthcare facilities may also have evening or weekend shifts. Most psychologists in clinics, government, industry, or schools work full-time schedules during regular business hours.