Career and technical education teachers must have a bachelor's degree. They also need work experience in the subject they teach. Some teachers, particularly those in public schools, also may be required to have a state-issued certification or license. Requirements for certification vary by state.
Career and technical education teachers in public schools generally need a bachelor's degree in the field they teach, such as agriculture, engineering, or computer science.
Work Experience in a Related Occupation
Many career and technical education teachers need work experience in the field they teach. For example, automotive mechanics, chefs, and nurses typically spend years in their career before moving into teaching.
Some states require prospective career and technical education teachers to complete a period of fieldwork, commonly referred to as student teaching. In some states, this program is a prerequisite for a license to teach in public schools. During student teaching, prospective teachers gain experience in preparing lessons and teaching students under the supervision and guidance of a mentor teacher. The amount of time required for these programs varies by state, but may last from 1 to 2 years.
Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
States may require career and technical education teachers in public schools to be licensed or certified. Requirements for certification vary by state. Most states require teachers to pass a background check.
Certification typically requires completing a student teaching program and a bachelor's degree. States usually require candidates to pass a general teaching certification test.
Teachers may be required to complete annual professional development courses to maintain their license. For certification requirements in your state, visit Teach.org.
Some states offer an alternative route to certification for prospective teachers who have a bachelor's degree or work experience in their field, but lack the education courses required for certification. Alternative programs typically cover teaching methods, development of lesson plans, and classroom management.
In addition to teaching certification, career and technical education teachers who prepare students for an occupation that requires a license or certification may need to have and maintain the same credential. For example, career and technical education teachers who instruct welding may need to have certification in welding.
Experienced teachers can advance to become mentors and lead teachers, helping less experienced teachers to improve their teaching skills.